Pertaining to the fencer who would like to be familiar with origin of the modern sport fencing weapons, a trip to the Ancient period starts the quest of comprehension. This is a period of time of great variety in weapon design, and fencing masters of the day were expected to be competent with an array of polearms and swords. Luckily for the modern scholar, the missile weapons show up to have been the province of other teachers.
The Medieval period exercises from the emergence of the first fencing experts (which we can time frame around 1200 CE) through the 1400s. From a weapons standpoint the differentiating characteristic is the development of full armor for both mounted and feet combat for the knightly class – a security that made the role of the sword more and more problematic as a method of imposing injury to the armored elite of an adversary’s force. However, lightly armored soldiers were still abundant on the battlefield, and swords were used in a variety of security roles and for contencioso combats. The primary tools of the time included:
(1) Missile weapons — the bow and the crossbow, both powerful weaponry that could punch through light and medium battle suits.
(2) Pole weapons — there was a great variety of weapons that married a metal brain to a wooden trellis, including:
The short spear (in the vicinity of 6 foot length) taken as a dismounted thrusting and throwing weapon by knights. The polaxe, a blend of spear point with an axe pattern brain, mostly used for dismounted combat by knights in tournaments. This was possibly the first weapon designed especially for fencing.
The halberd, huge axe on a 6th to 8 foot personnel, was a very effective killer, and demonstrated to be able to cleave through even heavy armor. The Swiss were renowned as halbardiers, and Swiss infantry was generally respected, even by attached knights.
The quarterstaff, an easy pole approximately 6 to 8 feet in duration, employed for thrusting and striking as a simply impact weapon. In the hands of someone trained in its use, the quarterstaff could deliver eradicating blows.
And there are glaives, and bills, and partisan, and guisarmes, and o water sprinklers, and responsable, and Lucerne hammers, and the list goes on. The English, for example, had great affection for the bill ( a blend of a cutting responsable blade with a fishing hook on its end), and maintained stocks of these numbered in the hundreds in their armories.
(3) Swords — there was substantial variety in blade patterns, but the key variance was in length and the number of hands used to grip the weapon. The main western Western weapons were the:
Arming sword — just one presented with weapon typically carried by mounted knights. The arming sword had two ends and a point and was employed as both a cutting and thrusting weapon. The arming blade was also commonly used as a civilian and military weapon with a buckler, a tiny round cover used as part of a fighting system with the sword.
Hand and a half sword — a longer sword, generally useful dismounted. The name comes from the span of the grip. This kind of had both edges and a place and was used as both a slicing and thrusting weapon.
Longsword — the longest of the typical swords, with a grip that facilitated maximum advancement power in a stroke delivered with both hands. This had both edges and a point and was employed as both a cutting and thrusting weapon.
The Messer and Falchion — these single edged weapons (which looked much like the modern machete) were used mainly as cutting guns, and were carried by ordinary foot soldiers.
To get the enthusiastic about studying these weapons, there are a number of sources for wooden short spears, polaxes, halberds, and quarterstaffs among the list of polearms and arming sword and buckler, hand. 5 blade, and longswords among the list of swords. In addition there is a rich selection of vertaling of original German, People from france, and Italian texts from the period, and amounts that attempt to translate these texts (as there are significant gaps in the technical details of weapon use).
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