The motherboard is an essential component that is in charge of smooth processing of data occurs on a computer. There was a little damage to the mainboard will cause damage to the complete system, because the motherboard is place for all the components fastened. Start from the images card, RAM, hard drive, optical drive, all merged as one unit by using the port in the motherboard. Below is set of general motherboard element:

CPU Socket: This section is the place put a processor even with the many small openings that are being used to place a pin processor.
MEMORY Slots: Places to set up the memory module (RAM). For a modern hauptplatine, usually there are 4 slots DDR2 PC 6400 with a capacity of up to 8GB and support for dual-channel settings. Bios Chip Asus Maximus II Gene
Power Port: Old type use 20 +4 pin number, while new types have used 24 +4 flag. Through this port all the strength needed by the system provided by the ability supply. 
Serial ATA Slot: The new type hauptplatine using this port. Generally there are 4 to 8. It is employed for hard disk drives where using SATA interface. Cable connection that is employed is usually less space-consuming than the GAGASAN cable. SATA technology is growing rapidly, currently is to reach the next era of SATA-2 with data transfer increases to 3Gb/s.
IDE Port: It is merely found in old type of motherboard. That is employed to install the hard disk drive and optic drives, it has an large size of the cable width.
Chip-set: A chip that regulates the data traffic on the system. There are 2 types of chip established with a different function with one another. North-bridge chip-set is located between your processor and RAM slots. This chip-set works so RAM and processor modules can work together (set of traffic data between the PROCESSOR and RAM). South-brigde chip-set is located on the bottom. Either the base of the processor or under the slot for design cards. Chip-set handle this work flow of traffic data from the images card, hard disk and other motherboard peripherals.
AGP / PCI Express Slot machine: Used to install the graphics card. AGP slot machine game is rarely found in the new type, because the resulting bandwidth is not sufficient for the needs of graphics at this time. Now, nearly all motherboards use the PCI Express slot, with a bigger bandwidth. In fact, there are motherboards which may have up to 4 PCI Exhibit slots.
PCI (Peripheral Part Interconnect): Is the destination to put additional cards such as sound card, LOCAL AREA NETWORK card, TV tuner, and others. It is working at 33 Mhz regularity.
BIOS (Basic Input End result System): Form of software that is embedded in the motherboard where the energy supplied from the motherboard battery. All primary configuration of the hardware that is installed can be accessed and transformed through the BIOS.
A large number of motherboard manufacturers other products that come with many additional features that will make the compatibility of various hardware increase.

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